Autonomy (Stanford University)
Autonomy in Moral and Political Philosophy.
Individual autonomy is an idea that is generally understood to refer to the capacity to be one's own person, to live one's life according to reasons and motives that are taken as one's own and not the product of manipulative or distorting external forces. It is a central value in the Kantian tradition of moral philosophy but it is also given fundamental status in John Stuart Mill's version of utilitarian liberalism (Kant 1785/1983, Mill 1859/1975, ch. III). Examination of the concept of autonomy also figures centrally in debates over education policy, biomedical ethics, various legal freedoms and rights (such as freedom of speech and the right to privacy), as well as moral and political theory more broadly. In the realm of moral theory, seeing autonomy as a central value can be contrasted with alternative frameworks such an ethic of care, utilitarianism of some kinds, and an ethic of virtue. In all such contexts the concept of autonomy is the focus of much controversy and debate, disputes which focus attention on the fundamentals of moral and political philosophy and the Enlightenment conception of the person more generally.
- 1. The Concept of Autonomy
- 2. Autonomy in Moral Philosophy
- 3. Autonomy in Social and Political Philosophy
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- Other Internet Resources
by Jaime Martínez Luna <firstname.lastname@example.org>
This page is at http://site.www.umb.edu/faculty/salzman_g/Strate/Commu/1.htm
Translated by George Salzman <email@example.com>
" Perhaps at no moment of our history have the indigenous peoples been at such a historic juncture, in which the analysis of our self-determination was the most certain window to guarantee our survival as peoples, as society. Self-determination has been an eternal dream of our communities. Some, because of geography, and also organizational structure, have succeeded in maintaining a certain margin of this self-determination, which has always resulted in a tense relation with the nation-state".
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Subject: Tropospheric Ozone Chemistry
Montreal, August 7-13, 2003
Biomass Burning - A Driver for Global Change. International field experiments and satellite data are yielding a clearer understanding of this important global source of atmospheric gases and particulates.
David Seamon, editor
UCL Environmental Change Research Centre - LIMPACS
Environmental Change Rresearch Centre
Global Carbon Cycle
The International Environmetrics Society Date: Fri, 19 Oct 2007 14:16:04 -0300
The University of British Columbia Okanagan
Theme: Quantitative Methods for Environmental Sustainability
Conference Technical Topics Include:
* Agro-climate risk
* Analysis of extremes
* Assessing status and trends
* Design and analysis of computer experiments
* Environmental reporting and indicators
* Environmental risk assessment
* Environmental standards
* Monitoring, modelling and managing environmental systems
* Network design and efficient data collection
* Space-time modeling
*Applications to biodiversity, climate change, sustainable agriculture, air quality, water quality, soil contamination, energy environmental economics, ecosystem and human health.
Sylvia R. Esterby
Mathematics, Statistics and Physics
Irving K. Barber School of Arts and Sciences
University of British Columbia Okanagan
3333 University Way
Kelowna, BC Canada V1V 1V7
Environment & Human Health, Inc.This review examines the phenomenological approach as it might be used to explore environmental and architectural issues. After discussing the nature of phenomenology in broad terms, the review presents two major assumptions of the phenomenological approach--(1) that people and environment compose an indivisible whole; (2) that phenomenological method can be described in terms of a "radical empiricism."The review then considers three specific phenomenological methods: (1) first-person phenomenological research; (2) existential-phenomenological research; and (3) hermeneutical-phenomenological research. Next, the article discusses trustworthiness and reliability as they can be understood phenomenologically. Finally, the review considers the value of phenomenology for environmental design.
Environmental scanning as information seeking and organizational learning
Chun Wei Choo, Faculty of Information Studies. University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Environmental scanning is the acquisition and use of information about events, trends, and relationships in an organization's external environment, the knowledge of which would assist management in planning the organization's future course of action. Depending on the organization's beliefs about environmental analyzability and the extent that it intrudes into the environment to understand it, four modes of scanning may be differentiated: undirected viewing, conditioned viewing, enacting, and searching. We analyze each mode of scanning by examining its characteristic information needs, information seeking, and information use behaviours. In addition, we analyze organizational learning processes by considering the sense making, knowledge creating and decision making processes at work in each mode.
According to the United Nations definition, there is no established convention for the designation of "developed" and "developing" countries or areas. In common practice, Japan in Asia, Canada and the United States in North America, Australia and New Zealand in Oceania, and Western Europe are considered "developed" regions or areas. In international trade statistics, Israel is also treated as a developed country; and countries of eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) countries in Europe are not included under either developed or developing regions." Nowadays the more comprehensive group of "developed countries" also covers the East Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan). Hong Kong has long been considered developed by the IMF which grants the formal classification of developed countries. Although Hong Kong was handed over to the People's Republic of China (PRC), which is a developing country, it is still considered internationally as separate economic entities (as it has its own currencies - the Hong Kong Dollar) and a separate political system according to the Basic Law of Hong Kong. Due to the difference between its economy and that of mainland China, its territory retain its own border and custom controls.
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